This article show how to use ActiveRDF in Ruby on Rails to write queries for DBPedia. DBPedia is the semantic version of WikiPedia. Basically the whole knowledge in Wikipedia is available in DBPedia over RDF (Resource Definition Framework). There is a query language for RDF called SPARQL. With SPARQL and RDF you can write queries and fetch data from DBPedia/Wikipedia.
That is pretty awesome. You can see DBPedia/Wikipedia as a big Database or Knowledge base.
ActiveRDF is a Ruby GEM to use RDF in Ruby. To use it in Rails you have to add this two lines to your Gemfile
gem 'activerdf' gem 'activerdf_sparql'
In you application.rb file you have to add this line pretty much in the top.
In the same file, in the class part you have to configure the connection pool for RDF.
module TrophicWeb class Application < Rails::Application adapter = ConnectionPool.add_data_source(:type => :sparql, :results => :sparql_xml, :engine => :virtuoso, :url ="http://dbpedia.org/sparql") adapter.enabled = true Namespace.register(:dbpedia, "http://dbpedia.org/ontology/")
That’s it for the initialization. Now you can use it in your code. Here is an example how to fetch a species and the corresponding thumbnail uri.
species = RDFS::Resource.new("http://dbpedia.org/resource/Symphurus") thumbnail = species.dbpedia::thumbnail.uri